Taking into account the tasks to incur rescue preparedness in search and rescue regions of the Russian Federation the necessary composition of emergency rescue fleet is defined as 194 units of rescue vessels.
In fact, as of 1 February 2013 rescue fleet is composed by 97 rescue vessels including:
– 76 units of existing vessels built prior to 1990;
– 21 units of newly built fleet in the framework of the Federal Target Program «Development of transport system of Russia (2010-2015)». It is planned to build 41 rescue vessel until 2020.
In accordance with the Order of the FBE «State Marine Emergency Salvage, Rescue and Pollution Prevention Coordination Service of the Russian Federation» № 05/08 from 07.04.2009, rescue fleet divided into five major groups by its functions:
- rescue tugs;
- supply vessels;
- diving vessels (boats);
- rescue vessels and boats;
- auxiliary vessels.
Average service life of the existing fleet:
- rescue tugs – 28 – 36 years;
- supply vessels – 30 – 32 years;
- sea diving vessels (boats) – 37 – 42 years;
- rescue boats – 18 – 20 years;
- auxiliary vessels – 22 – 25 years.
Taking into account the aging and discarding of vessels, the system of SMPCSA requires further construction and development of modern rescue fleet, primarily to the construction of rescue tugs, support vessels and multipurpose salvage vessels with unlimitednavigation area.